Resources

Resources

  • In this letter, a Legionnaire from Minneapolis asks other Posts around the country to go all out at the upcoming 1948 national American Legion convention to support President Harry Truman’s Civil Rights Program.

  • In 1944 James Reese Europe Post 5 received this Certificate of Distinguished Service for its Americanism program from the national American Legion organization.

  • From the personal papers of one-time Post 5 Commander John R. Anderson, a 1911 letter from the Continental Hotel, on North Capitol Street near Union Station, stating that it has employed Anderson as head bellman.

  • A 1948 resolution, adopted by the DC Department of the American Legion and signed by Post 5’s commander, urging Congress to support President Truman’s Civil Rights Program.

  • A 1948 resolution, adopted by the DC Department of the American Legion and signed by Post 5’s commander, urging Congress to support President Truman’s Civil Rights Program.

  • A circa 1937 history of James Reese Europe Post 5, including a list of officers and committee members, as well as past commanders and their tenures.

  • Another in a set of documents related to Post 5 member John R. Anderson’s research into wage levels.

  • A 1916 letter regarding Post 5 member John R. Anderson’s research into whether employees of the Washington Navy Yard were being paid fair wages.

  • John R. Anderson’s November 1911 letter of resignation from the Continental Hotel.

  • A 1942 letter from one James R. Europe Jr. asking Post 5 for support in his battle against discrimination in the Merchant Marine.

  • James Europe Jr.’s statement to the War Powers Commission about his experiences with discrimination in the Merchant Marine, included with his 1942 letter to Post 5.

  • James Europe Jr.’s statement to the War Powers Commission about his experiences with discrimination in the Merchant Marine, included with his 1942 letter to Post 5. page 2

  • James Europe Jr.’s statement to the War Powers Commission about his experiences with discrimination in the Merchant Marine, included with his 1942 letter to Post 5. page 3

  • This is the text of a speech, “Lynching, America’s National Disgrace,” that was delivered at the national convention of the American Legion in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1936.

  • A circa 1942 flyer pertaining to James Europe Jr.’s experience with racism on the S.S. Peter J. Maguire.

  • The list of awards presented at a 1966 awards program of the Charles County (Maryland) NAACP, in which Post 5 participated.

  • The list of awards presented at a 1966 awards program of the Charles County (Maryland) NAACP, in which Post 5 participated. page 2

  • The agenda for a 1966 awards program of the Charles County (Maryland) NAACP, in which Post 5 participated.

  • A 1959 letter from NAACP Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins acknowledging Post 5’s $500 payment for a life membership in the NAACP.

  • A 1959 letter from NAACP Executive Secretary Roy Wilkins acknowledging Post 5’s $500 payment for a life membership in the NAACP. Page 2 lists all the Post 5 members, Auxiliary members, and friends of the Post who contributed to the $500 payment.

  • Two 1943 news clippings about James R. Europe Jr.’s experience with discrimination in the Merchant Marine.

  • A 1922 letter from General John J. Pershing to a Congressional clerk regarding finding a job for John R. Anderson.

  • A 1945 receipt from the NAACP for Post 5’s $5 contribution to the Willkie Fund.

  • A 1945 resolution by Post 5 condemning lynching, mob violence, and “rioting against Negroes and certain other racial minorities.”

  • A 1943 Post 5 resolution condemning Mistreatment of Negro Service Men by local civilian authorities. A hand-written note on the document indicates that the “whereas” clauses were struck before the resolution was adopted by the national convention of the American Legion.

  • A 1942 Post 5 resolution supporting Sen. Claude Pepper’s bill outlawing various voter suppression measures in common use at the time.

  • A 1943 Post 5 resolution condemning the racial discrimination clauses contained in the articles of incorporation of the DC Department of the American Legion.

  • A 1950 resolution asking that the Armed Forces accept otherwise qualified veterans of both World Wars, regardless of their age.

  • An undated Post 5 resolution regarding the DC Department of the American Legion’s racially discriminatory treatment of African-American Posts and Legionnaires.

  • A 1920 letter from the Harding and Coolidge Republican Club No. 1 inviting Post 5 member John R. Anderson to join the organization’s membership committee.

  • A 1938 Post 5 resolution condemning the police killing of an unarmed, shell-shocked veteran named Leroy Keys.

  • A 1939 resolution by a Washington citizens group regarding the DAR’s refusal to allow Marian Anderson to perform at Constitution Hall.

  • A 1922 letter from H.F Sedgwick, a clerk with the US House of Representatives Committee on Military Affairs, to John R. Anderson that enclosed General Pershing’s reply to Sedgwick’s inquiry about a position for Anderson.

  • A 1923 letter from the US Treasury Department appointing John R. Anderson as an Assistant Messenger in the US Coast Guard.

  • A 1919 letter from the War Department appointing John R. Anderson as a Watchman in Office of the Director of Air Service, at an annual salary of $720.